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Korean J. Pl. Taxon > Volume 41(1); 2011 > Article
Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy 2011;41(1): 87-101.
doi: https://doi.org/10.11110/kjpt.2011.41.1.087
한국내 귀화식물의 현황과 고찰
이유미 , 박수현 , 정수영 , 오승환 , 양종철
Study on the current status of naturalized plants in South Korea
You Mi Lee, Soo Hyun Park, Su Young Jung, Seung Hwan Oh, Jong Cheol Yang
Received: February 28, 2011   Accepted: March 8, 2010
Abstract
Naturalized plants were identified and recorded in South Korea based on field surveys and related literatures. These plants consisted of 321 taxa in total, belonging to 40 families, 175 genera, 302 species, 15 varieties and 4 forms. Among the plants the family Compositae was dominant containing 68 taxa (21.2% of the total population) and Poaceae with 62 taxa (19.3%) successively. Most of the plants were herbs and only 7 taxa trees. 221 taxa (68.8%) appeared to have invaded the country during the third period (1964-2010). 41.8% (134 taxa) of the total population were originated from Europe. These invasive plants were assessed with the degree of naturalisation which was categorized as I-V types.
KeyWords: Introduced species, naturalized plant, origin, naturalized degree
주요어: 외래식물, 귀화식물, 원산지, 귀화도
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