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Korean J. Pl. Taxon > Volume 51(3); 2021 > Article
Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy 2021;51(3): 181-191.
doi: https://doi.org/10.11110/kjpt.2021.51.3.181
Mapping and analyzing the distribution of the species in the genus Tulipa (Liliaceae) in the Ferghana Valley of Central Asia
Davron DEKHKONOV1 , Komiljon Sh. TOJIBAEV1 , Dilmurod MAKHMUDJANOV1 , Nu-ree NA2 , Shukherdorj BAASANMUNKH3 , Ziyoviddin YUSUPOV1 , Hyeok Jae CHOI3 , Chang-Gee JANG2
1National Herbarium, Institute of Botany of Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan, Durmon yuli str., 32, 100125, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
2Department of Biology Education, Kongju National University, Gongju 32588, Korea
3Department of Biology and Chemistry, Changwon National University, Changwon 51140, Korea
Correspondence :  Hyeok Jae CHOI ,Email: hjchoi1975@changwon.ac.kr
Chang-Gee JANG ,Email: cgjang@kongju.ac.kr
Received: September 2, 2021  Revised: September 17, 2021   Accepted: September 23, 2021
Tulips are bulbous geophytes that have considerable commercial value worldwide. This genus primarily originated in the Tien Shan and Pamir-Alai mountain ranges, which surround the Ferghana Valley. The Ferghana Valley is home to five sections of the genus Tulipa L, represented by 23 taxa (22 species). However, there is a lack of detailed information about the distribution of Tulipa species in the natural geographic area of the Ferghana Valley. Therefore, to address this knowledge gap, we comprehensively investigated the spatial distribution of all Tulipa species in the valley. To assess the spatial distribution, the entire area was divided into 32 squares consisting of four latitudinal and eight longitudinal zones. The results showed that latitudinal zones B and C with 15 and 13 taxa, respectively, along with five longitudinal zones (A5, B3, B4, C2, and C3) with 5 to 10 taxa were hotspots for this genus. Additionally, the spatial distributions of the species in terms of the corresponding state borders, mountain ranges, endemism, and conservation issues were assessed. The findings of this study provide comprehensive information about the distribution of Tulipa species to assist with conservation initiatives ultimately to ensure the survival of various species.
KeyWords: endemism, Tulipa, Ferghana Valley, mapping, spatial distribution, species survival
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