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Korean J. Pl. Taxon > Volume 51(3); 2021 > Article
Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy 2021;51(3): 205-249.
doi: https://doi.org/10.11110/kjpt.2021.51.3.205
홍도 관속식물상 재검토
장영종1 , 박종수2 , 이진실3, 이지연4 , 최병희1
1인하대학교 생명과학과
2국립호남권생물자원관식물자원연구부
3연수고등학교
4국립생물자원관
Re-examination of the vascular plants on Hongdo Island, Korea
Young-Jong JANG1 , Jong-Soo PARK2 , Jin-Sil LEE3, Ji-Yeon LEE4 , Byoung-Hee CHOI1
1Department of Biological Sciences, Inha University, Incheon 22212, Korea
2Plant Resources Division, Honam National Institute of Biological Resources, Mokpo 58762, Korea
3Yeonsu High School, Incheon 21930, Korea
4National Institute of Biological Resources, Incheon 22689, Korea
Correspondence :  Byoung-Hee CHOI ,Email: bhchoi@inha.ac.kr
Received: June 2, 2021  Revised: August 9, 2021   Accepted: September 6, 2021
Abstract
This study was carried out to survey the flora of Hongdo Island in Sinan-gun, Jeollanam-do, South Korea. Specimens collected from previous Hongdo flora studies were reexamined using a relevant biodiversity database, and field surveys were carried out 22 times from April of 2003 to October of 2020. Based on the specimens collected during both previous studies and this study, the identified vascular plants of Hongdo consisted of 472 taxa comprising 102 families, 296 genera, 425 species, 6 subspecies, and 41 varieties. Among them, 111 taxa are newly recorded in this study, and 6 taxa are described in detail in terms of their morphological characteristics and habitat. Also, 29 taxa were reviewed or re-identified with corresponding taxonomic annotations. In Korea, Hongdo represents the northern distributional limit of the 4 taxa of Goodyera biflora, Damnacanthus major, Calanthe aristulifera, and Hemerocallis hongdoensis. Moreover, Hosta yingeri and Saussurea polylepis are endemic to Hongdo and nearby islands in Korea. Distribution maps of these species were prepared. Protected species designated by the Ministry of Environment were 7 taxa consisting of 2 taxa of level I, specifically Sedirea japonica and Neofinetia falcata, and 5 taxa of level II, which were Cymbidium macrorhizon, Woodwardia japonica, Dendrobium moniliforme, Calanthe aristulifera, and Bulbophyllum inconspicuum. Red list plants as designated by the National Institute of Biological Resources numbered 11 taxa. Naturalized plants numbered 40 taxa.
KeyWords: Hongdo Island flora, vascular plants, voucher specimens, biodiversity database
주요어: 홍도 식물상, 관속식물, 증거표본, 생물다양성 데이터베이스
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