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Korean J. Pl. Taxon > Volume 50(3); 2020 > Article
BUM, PARK, BAKALIN, CHOI, SIM, HYUN, and CHOI: Bryophyte flora of Taebaeksan Mountain National Park in Korea

Abstract

We investigated the bryophyte flora of Taebaeksan Mountain National Park in Korea by conducting a total of ten field surveys from April of 2017 to October of 2019 at various mountainous sites in the park. During the surveys, we recorded 274 taxa belonging to 68 families, 143 genera, 267 species, 3 subspecies, and 4 varieties. Among these, 92 species were reported as new to the flora of the Taebaeksan Mountains. A checklist based on a study of 990 specimens is provided as well. The most remarkable species were Sphagnum capillifolium (Ehrh.) Hedw, Sphagnum girgensohnii Russow, Buxbaumia punctata P.-C. Chen et X.-J. Li, Pleuroziopsis ruthenica (Weinm.) Kindb., Ptilium crista-castrensis (Hedw.) De Not., and Douinia plicata (Lindb.) Konstant. et Vilnet.

The Taebaeksan Mountains are located in the northern part of Korea, southeast of Gangwon-do Province (Taebaek-si, Youngwol-gun, and Jeongseon-gun) and northwest of Gyeongsangbuk-do Province (Bongwha-gun). Since it was designated as a provincial park on 13 May 1989, Taebaeksan Mountain has widened its realm and was designated as the 22nd national park on 12 Dec 2016. The park covers an area of more than 70.052 km2. The highest ridges of the mountain are Hambaeksan Mountain in the middle part (1,572 m a.s.l.), Janggunbong in the southern part (1,565 m a.s.l.), and Keumdaebong in the northwestern part (1,418 m a.s.l.). The mountain lies between 128°52′08″–128°59′26”E and 37°03′02″–37°14′34.5″N. The mean annual temperature in the lowland mountain area is 6.6°C, and the annual precipitation is 1,898 mm. The bryophyte flora of the Taebaeksan Mountains was investigated and included in the inventory of mosses and liverworts of the Korean peninsula by Hong (1966) and Choe (1980), but only 15 taxa were reported in these studies. More recently, Papp (2008) reported 144 bryophyte species in the flora of the Taebaeksan Mountains, and Choi (2013) reported 54 species of liverworts and hornworts. Because the bryophyte flora of the Taebaeksan Mountains has never been examined systematically, and only fragmentary floristic data are available, our objective was to describe the bryophytes of Taebaeksan Mountain National Park in as much detail as possible, including their latitudinal distribution and species ecology, as part of compiling a list of the bryophytes of Korea.

Materials and Methods

Field surveys

Our collections were carried out in habitats with a high diversity of bryophytes, such as wet habitats near stream beds, more or less dry rocks, bark of forest trees, and exposed stony fields and shaded cliffs near some mountain tops (Figs. 1, 2). We conducted a total of 10 field surveys from April 2017 to October 2019 at various sites in the park (Table 1).
All specimens were collected in newspaper or acid-free paper, and collection date, geographical coordinates, field herbarium numbers, collector names, preliminary species name, substrates, and habitats were recorded in the field. The collected materials were air-dried in the laboratory, and some species were cultivated in the greenhouse. All specimens were deposited in the Jeonbuk National University Herbarium (JNU) and in National Institute of Biological Resources Herbarium (KB).

Comparison of bryophyte species richness levels and liverwort index

The liverwort index, which is based on the character that liverworts and hornworts tend to prefer more humid conditions than mosses do, was calculated as follows (Nakanishi, 2001):
Liverwortindex(%)=No.ofliverworts+No.ofhornwortsTotalno.ofbryophytes×100

The latitudinal distribution of floristic elements among the liverworts

For the analysis of the distribution characteristics of liverworts, their world distribution was obtained from Lawton (1971), Noguchi (1987, 1988, 1989, 1991, 1994), Gao et al. (1999, 2003), Li et al. (2001, 2007), Wu et al. (2002, 2005, 2011), Hu et al. (2008), and Korean distribution was obtained from Choe (1980), Kim and Hwang (1991), Kim (1991), Bakalin (2010), and Choi (2013).

Results and Discussion

Bryophyte flora

Based on 990 herbarium specimens, we found that the bryophyte flora of the Taebaeksan Mountains includes 274 taxa belonging to 68 families, 143 genera, 267 species, 3 subspecies, and 4 varieties (Table 2). Of these, Bryophyta included 167 taxa (39 families, 93 genera, 163 species, 1 subspecies, and 3 varieties) and Marchantiophyta included 107 taxa (29 families, 50 genera, 104 species, 2 subspecies, and 1 variety). This is equivalent to 28.9% of the 958 bryophyte taxa recorded on the Korean peninsula (Lee et al., 2011; Choi, 2013). Among the recorded species, 92 taxa were newly recorded in the Taebaeksan Mountains (Appendix 1). The most numerous species were identified to be 15 taxa of Hypnaceae, followed by 12 taxa of Polytrichaceae, Mniaceae, and Brachytheciaceae (Appendix 1).

Comparison of bryophyte species richness levels and liverwort index

Compared with recently studied bryophyte flora [Deogyusan Mountain (Yoon et al., 2011; Choi et al., 2013), Hallasan Mountain (Yim, 2012), Sobaeksan Mountain (Korea National Park Research Institute, 2016a), and Gayasan Mountain (Korea National Park Research Institute, 2016b)], next to Hallasan Mountain (378 taxa) and Deogyusan Mountain (311 taxa), a large number of species were distributed in Taebaeksan Mountain (274 species), but the largest number of taxa (3.91) was found in Taebaeksan Mountain when compared with the area. The reason for this was that the Taebaeksan Mountain cover a small area, but include a variety of habitats, such as stony fields, coniferous forests, and small and large valleys. According to the liverwort index, which indicates the degree of humidity in the survey area, Taebaeksan Mountain (39.0%) was found to be relatively wet, and the only areas that were wet than Sobaeksan Mountain (41.9%) and Deogyusan Mountain (40.8%) (Table 3).

The latitudinal distribution of floristic elements among the liverworts

In the analysis of floristic elements based on latitude (Table 4), 25 taxa (23.4%) were found to be temperate, 21 (19.6%) temperate-subtropical, 19 (17.8%) arctic-boreal, 14 (13.0%) boreal temperature, 13 (12.1%) boreal, 8 (7.5%) subtropical, 5 (4.7%) multizonal, and 2 (1.9%) Arctic species (Table 4). Compared to the distribution characteristics of bryophyte flora of the Korean Peninsula, the bryophyte flora of the Taebaeksan Mountains is characterized by temperate-subtropical taxa (+5.0%), boreal-temperate taxa (+3.8%), temperate taxa (3.3%), arctic-boreal plants (+3.2%), and lowest number of subtropical plants (−12.6%). This may be because of the geographical location of the Taebaeksan Mountains, as well as because the number of boreal and temperate plants in the stony field areas scattered on the Taebaeksan Mountains is increasing.

Comparison with previous studies

The Taebaeksan Mountains were included in the areas investigated by Choe (1980) as part of the inventory of bryophytes of the Korean Peninsula. This author published a manual on Korean Hepaticae which included 15 taxa in the Taebaeksan Mountains (Choe, 1980). Choi (2013) reported 54 species of liverworts and hornworts on the Taebaeksan Mountains. The first survey focused on bryophytes was conducted by the Hungarian researcher Papp (2008) during 13–14 Oct 2005, and he recorded 144 taxa (102 mosses and 42 liverworts) and 13 taxa that were not yet recorded from the Korean peninsula (Buxbaumia punctata P.-C. Chen, Campylium squarrulosum (Besch) Kanda, Pylaisella polyantha (Hedw.) Grout, Polytrichastrum ohioense (Ren. et Card.) G. L. Smith, Pohlia proligera (Kindb.) Lindb., Plagiothacium curvifolium Schlieph., Warnstorfia exannulata (Schimp.) Loeske, Paraleucobryum sauteri (Bruch et Schimp.) Loeske, Orthorichum laevigatum var. japonicum Lewinsky, Isopterygiopsis muelleriana (Schimp.) Iwats., Hygrohypnum eugyrium (Schimp.) Broth., Cyrto-hypnum tamariscellum (C. Müll.) Buck, and Conocephalum salebrosum Szweykowski). One of these 13 unrecorded taxa (Buxbaumia punctata) was identified on site, and 12 taxa were included in the list of literature records. The literature and survey studies were identified in a total of 274 taxa (mosses 167 and liverworts 107 taxa).

Remarkable species

The most remarkable observed species were Sphagnum capillifolium (Ehrh.) Hedw and Sphagnum girgensohnii Russow, which are rarely found in Korea, as well as Buxbaumia punctata P.-C. Chen et X.-J. Li, which was found only in the Taebaeksan Mountains. Additionally, Pleuroziopsis ruthenica (Weinm.) Kindb., P. crista-castrensis (Hedw.) De Not., and Douinia plicata (Lindb.) Konstant. et Vilnet are rare-growing bryophytes which grow in high-altitude areas (more than 1,000 m) (Fig. 3).
Sphagnum capillifolium (Ehrh.) Hedw.: This species is distributed in Japan (Honshu, Hokkaido), China (Heilongjiang, Inner Mongolia, Shanxi, Yunnan, Tibet), India, The Russian Far East, Europe, North America, South America, and Africa (Gao et al., 1999). In Korea, it was previously recorded only on Jeju Island (Choe, 1980). We found it on a stony field in a coniferous forest between Mangyeongsa Temple and Janggunbong at an elevation of 1,160–1,245 m. This species grows with Sphagnum girgensohnii Russ., Bazzania trilobata (L.) Gray, and Schistochilopsis cornuta (Steph.) Konstant.
Sphagnum girgensohnii Russow: This species is distributed in Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu), China (Huizhou, Heilongjiang, Inner Mongolia, Jilin, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, and Tibet), Nepal, India, Indonesia, Russia, Europe, Greenland, and North America (Gao et al., 1999). In Korea, it was previously recorded in Baekdusan Mountain, Potaesan Mountain, Gwanmobong, Chailbong, Wagalbong, Kumgangsan Mountain, Seoraksan Mountain, Dutasan Mountain, Pyeongchang, Hwacheon, and on Jeju Island. We found it on a stony field in a coniferous forest between Mangyeongsa Temple and Janggunbong at an elevation of 1,160–1,245 m. This species grows with Sphagnum girgensohnii Russ., Bazzania trilobata (L.) Gray, Schistochilopsis cornuta (Steph.) Konstant, and Scapania ampliata Steph. in a forest of Thuja koraiensis Nakai.
Buxbaumia punctata P.-C. Chen et X.-J. Li: This species is distributed only in China (Henan, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, and Tibet) (Wu et al., 2005). We found it on the edge of a stony field in a coniferous forest between Mangyeongsa Temple and Janggunbong at an elevation of 1,160–1,245 m. This species grows with Pleuroziopsis ruthenica (Weinm.) Kindb., Douinia plicata (Lindb.) Konstant. et Vilnet, and Scapania ampliata Steph.
Pleuroziopsis ruthenica (Weinm.) Kindb.: This species is distributed in Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku), China (Chongqing, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Sichuan), Far East Russia, and North America (Gao et al., 1999). In Korea, it was previously recorded in Seoraksan Mountain, Jirisan Mountain, Sobaeksan Mountain, Deogyusan Mountain, Hallasan Mountain, Hwacheon, and Pyeongchang. We found it on the edge of a stony field in a coniferous forest in the Danggol Valley, Mangyeongsa Temple. This species grows with Pogonatum contortum (Menzies ex Brid.) Lesq. and Atrichum undulatum (Hedw.) P. Beauv.
Ptilium crista-castrensis (Hedw.) De Not.: This species is distributed in Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu), China (Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Inner Mongolia, Liaoning, Sichuan, Shaanxi, Yunnan, and Tibet), Mongolia, Bhutan, Nepal, Russia, Europe, and North America. In Korea, it was previously recorded in Garigwangsan Mountain, Seoraksan Mountain, Sobaeksan Mountain, Pyeongchang, Cheongsong, and on Jeju Island. We found it on the edge of a stony field in a coniferous forest in the Danggol Valley, Mangyeongsa Temple. This species grows with Pleuroziopsis ruthenica (Weinm.) Kindb., Tritomaria quinquedentata (Huds.) H. Buch, Sphenolobus saxicola (Schrad.) Steph. and Barbilophozia barbata (Schreb.) Loeske.
Douinia plicata (Lindb.) Konstant. et Vilnet.: This species is distributed in Japan, China, Far East Russia, and North America. In Korea, it was previously recorded in Seoraksan Mountain, Jirisan Mountain, and Hallasan Mountain. We found it on the edge of the stony field in the Danggol Valley, Janggunbong, and Moonsubong. This species grows with Pleuroziopsis ruthenica (Weinm.) Kindb, and S. ampliata Steph.

Acknowledgments

The work was supported by the grant “Biological Diversity Survey of the Flora of Korean Bryophyta (NIBR201902104)” from the National Institute of Biological Resources of Ministry of Environment in Korea to C.W. Hyun. The work of Bakalin was partially supported by grants from the Russian Foundation for Basic researches (20-04-00278). Also, we would like to thank Editage (www.editage.co.kr) for English language editing.

NOTES

Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest.

Fig. 1.
The position of Taebaeksan Mountains within Korean Peninsula and the surveyed routes in this study.
kjpt-50-3-262f1.jpg
Fig. 2.
Habitats of Taebaeksan Mountains. A. Top of Taebaeksan Mountain. B. Stony slope in Janggunbong. C. Top of Hambaeksan Mountain. D. Stony slope in Danggol valley. E. Danggol valley. F. Geomryongso valley.
kjpt-50-3-262f2.jpg
Fig. 3.
Remarkable species of Taebaeksan Mountains in Korean flora. A. Sphagnum capillifolium (Ehrh.) Hedw. B. Sphagnum girgensohnii Russow. C. Buxbaumia punctata P.-C. Chen et X.-J. Li. D. Pleuroziopsis ruthenica (Weinm.) Kindb. E. Ptilium crista-castrensis (Hedw.) De Not. F. Douinia plicata (Lindb.) Konstant. et Vilnet.
kjpt-50-3-262f3.jpg
Table 1.
Surveyed locals and dates of Taebaeksan Mountains.
No. Localities Dates
1 Geomryongso, Dumoondongjae-Geumdaebong 14–16 Apr 2017
2 Manhangjae-Hambaeksan Mt. 13–14 May 2017
3 Baekcheon valley, Geumcheon valley, Danggol valley and Hambaeksan Mt. 22–25 Jun 2017
4 Hyunbul-temple, Baekcheon valley 7–8 Jul 2017
5 Danggol valley 22–23 Jul 2017
6 Baekcheon valley 2–3 Sep 2017
7 Manhangjae, Hambaeksan Mt. 9–10 Sep 2017
8 Cheonpyeong Bridge, Hwabangjae-Sagilreong and Yuil temple–Janggunbong 14–17 Sep 2017
9 Baedan-temple-Cheonjaedan, Baekcheon valley 28–29 Oct 2017
10 Danggol valley-Janggunbong 5 Oct 2019
Table 2.
Summary of bryophyte flora of Taebaeksan Mountains.
Families Genera Species Subsp. Var. Taxa
Bryophyta 39 93 163 1 3 167
Marchantiophyta 29 50 104 2 1 107
Total 68 143 267 3 4 274
Table 3.
Comparison of the bryophyte species richness levels and liverwort indexes in other localities and Taebaeksan Mountains.
Taebaeksan Mt. Hallasan Mt. Gayasan Mt. Deogyusan Mt. Sobaeksan Mt.
Area (km2) 70.05 153.33 76.25 231.65 322.01
No. of taxa 274 378 173 311 236
Mosses 167 253 108 184 137
Liverworts 107 125 65 127 99
Liverwort index (%) 39.0 33.1 37.6 40.8 41.9
No. of taxa/area (km2) 3.91 2.47 2.27 1.35 0.74
Table 4.
The latitude fractional composition in Taebaeksan Mountains with Korean liverworts.
Floristic elements (latitudinal types) Taxa Percentages (%)


Korea Taebaeksan Mt. Korea Taebaeksan Mt. Comparison
Arctic 26 2 7.9 1.9 −6.0
Arctic-boreal 48 19 14.6 17.8 +3.2
Boreal 30 13 9.2 12.1 +2.9
Boreal-temperate 30 14 9.2 13.0 +3.8
Temperate 66 25 20.1 23.4 +3.3
Temperate-subtropical 48 21 14.6 19.6 +5.0
Subtropical 66 8 20.1 7.5 −12.6
Multizone 14 5 4.3 4.7 +0.4


Total 328 107 100 100 0

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APPENDICES

Appendix 1.

The list of bryophytes in Taebaeksan Mountains.

Taxa Korean name Longitudinal type Latitudinal type Voucher No.
Bryophyta 선류식물문
Sphagnaceae 물이끼과
  *Sphagnum capillifolium (Ehrh.) Hedw. 산림물이끼 Multi-areal Boreal-temperate Bum 17102536
  *Sphagnum girgensohnii Russ. 가는잎물이끼 Circumpolar Boreal-temperate Bum 17102531a
Polytrichaceae 솔이끼과
  *Atrichum flavisetum Mitt. 넓은주름솔이끼 Circumpolar Boreal-temperate Bum 17041337
  *Atrichum rhystophyllum (Müll. Hal.) Paris 아기주름솔이끼 Eastern Asia Temperate Bum 17061743
  Atrichum undulatum (Hedw.) P. Beauv. 주름솔이끼 Circumpolar Temperate Bum 17041317
  *Pogonatum contortum (Menzies ex Brid.) Lesq. 그늘들솔이끼 Eastern Asia-American Temperate Bum 17092253
  Pogonatum inflexum (Lindb.) Lac. 아기들솔이끼 Eastern Asia Temperate-subtropical Bum 17061741
  Pogonatum spinulosum Mitt. 침들솔이끼 Eastern Asia-American Temperate-subtropical Bum 17041334
  *Pogonatum urnigerum (Hedw.) P. Beauv. 산들솔이끼 Multi-areal Multi zone Bum 17041330
  *Polytrichastrum alpinum (Hedw.) G. L. Sm 산솔이끼 Multi-areal Multi zone Bum 17092192
  *Polytrichastrum formosum (Hedw.) G. L. Sm. 큰솔이끼 Multi-areal Temperate Bum 17102540
  Polytrichastrum ohioense (Renauld & Cardot) G. L. Sm. 겉솔이끼 Disjunctives Temperate Only literature (Papp, 2008)
  *Polytrichum commune Hedw. 솔이끼 Multi-areal Multi zone Bum 17061781
  *Polytrichum juniperinum Willd. ex Hedw. 향나무솔이끼 Multi-areal Multi zone Bum 17092248
Tetraphidaceae 네삭치이끼과
  Tetraphis pellucida Hedw. 네삭치이끼 Multi-areal Boreal-temperate Only literature (Papp, 2008)
Buxbaumiaceae 담뱃대이끼과
  Buxbaumia aphylla Hedw. 산투구이끼 Circumpolar Boreal-temperate Only literature (Papp, 2008)
  Buxbaumia punctata P.-C. Chen et X.-J. Li 태백담뱃대이끼 Eastern Asia Boreal-temperate Bum 17102514
Diphysciaceae 보리알이끼과
  Diphyscium fulvifolium Mitt. 보리알이끼 Eastern Asia Boreal-temperate Only literature (Papp, 2008)
Drummondiaceae 지붕이끼과
  *Drummondia sinensis Müll. Hal. 지붕이끼 Asian Boreal-temperate Bum 17061766
Grimmiaceae 고깔바위이끼과
  *Coscinodon humilis Milde 바위이끼 Disjunctives Boreal-temperate Bum 17061857
  Grimmia pilifera P. Beauv. 흰털고깔바위이끼 Circumpolar Boreal-temperate Bum 17041340
  Racomitrium carinatum Cardot 접친민서리이끼 Eastern Asia Temperate Only literature (Papp, 2008)
  *Racomitrium canescens (Hedw.) Brid. 서리이끼 Circumpolar Boreal-temperate Bum 17092249
  Racomitrium ericoides (Hedw.) Brid. 누운서리이끼 Circumpolar Boreal-temperate Bum 17061813
  *Racomitrium fasciculare (Schrad. ex Hedw.) Brid. 민서리이끼 Multi-areal Multi zone Bum 17061779
  Racomitrium laeteum Besch. & Cardot 산검정서리이끼 Eastern Asia Temperate Only literature (Papp, 2008)
  *Racomitrium lanuginosum (Hedw.) Brid. 된서리이끼 Multi-areal Multi zone Bum 17102549
  Schistidium apocarpum (Hedw.) Bruch & Schimp. 고깔바위이끼 Multi-areal Multi zone Bum 17041289
Ptychomitriaceae 곱슬이끼과
  *Ptychomitrium fauriei Besch. 주름곱슬이끼 Eastern Asia Temperate Bum 17041275
Fissidentaceae 봉황이끼과
  *Fissidens adianthoides Hedw. 산봉황이끼 Circumpolar Boreal-temperate Bum 17102520
  Fissidens dubius P. Beauv. 벼슬봉황이끼 Amphioceanic Tropical-subtropical Bum 17041319
  Fissidens gymnogynus Besch. 작은봉황이끼 Eastern Asia Temperate Bum 17102577
  Fissidens taxifolius Hedw. 주목봉황이끼 Multi-areal Multi zone Only literature (Papp, 2008)
  *Fissidens teysmannianus Dozy & Molk. 아기봉황이끼 Asian Tropical-subtropical Bum 17041272
Ditrichaceae 금실이끼과
  Ceratodon purpureus (Hedw.) Brid. 지붕빨간이끼 Multi-areal Multi zone Bum 17061764
  *Distichium capillaceum (Hedw.) Bruch. & Schimp. 털금실이끼 Multi-areal Multi zone Bum 17041302
  *Ditrichum pallidum (Hedw.) Hampe. 금실이끼 Circumpolar Temperate Bum 17092149
Bruchiaceae 두루미이끼과
  *Trematodon longicollis Michx. 두루미이끼 Multi-areal Multi zone Bum 17092146
Erpodiaceae 나무연지이끼과
  *Venturiella sinensis (Venturi) Müll. Hal. 나무연지이끼 Eastern Asia-American Temperate Bum 17061769
Rhabodoweisiaceae 주름꼬마이끼과
  Oncophorus crispifolius (Mitt.) Lindb. 곱슬혹이끼 Eastern Asia Temperate-subtropical Bum 17061800
  Rhabdoweisia crispata (With.) Lindb. 주름꼬마이끼 Multi-areal Boreal-temperate Bum 17061762
Dicranaceae 꼬리이끼과
  Dicranella heteromalla (Hedw.) Schimp. 억새이끼 Circumpolar Boreal-temperate Bum 17092131
  *Dicranum flagellare Hedw. 잎눈꼬리이끼 Circumpolar Boreal-temperate Bum 17041342
  Dicranum fulvum Hook. 갈색꼬리이끼 Circumpolar Temperate Only literature (Papp, 2008)
  *Dicranum japonicum Mitt. 꼬리이끼 Eastern Asia Temperate Bum 17092184
  Dicranum mayrii Broth. 곱슬꼬리이끼 Eastern Asia Temperate-subtropical Bum 17061825
  *Dicranum nipponense Besch. 큰꼬리이끼 Eastern Asia Boreal-temperate Bum 17061789
  Dicranum scoparium Hedw. 비꼬리이끼 Circumpolar Boreal-temperate Bum 17061826
  *Dicranum viride var. hakkodense (Cardot) Takaki 초록꼬리이끼 Eastern Asia Boreal-temperate Bum 17102589
  Paraleucobryum sauteri (Bruch & Schimp.) Loeske 작은잎꼬리이끼 Disjunctives Boreal-temperate Only literature (Papp, 2008)
Leucobryaceae 흰털이끼과
  Brothera leana (Sull.) Müll. Hal. 사자이끼 Asian-American Boreal-temperate Bum 17092231
  *Dicranodontium denudatum (Brid.) E. Britton 활이끼 Circumpolar Boreal-temperate Bum 17092227
  Leucobryum glaucum (Hedw.) Aongstr. 흰털이끼 Circumpolar Temperate Only literature (Papp, 2008)
  *Leucobryum juniperoideum (Brid.) Müll. Hal. 가는흰털이끼 Circumpolar Temperate Bum 17061822
Pottiaceae 침꼬마이끼과
  Barbula unguiculata Hedw. 참꼬인이이끼 Multi-areal Multi zone Only literature (Papp, 2008)
  Oxystegus tenuirostris (Hook. & Taylor) A. J. E. Sm. 통수염이끼 Multi-areal Multi zone Bum 17041344
  *Weissia controversa Hedw. 꼬마이끼 Multi-areal Multi zone Bum 17061770
  *Weissia planifolia Dixon. 납작꼬마이끼 Eastern Asia Boreal-temperate Bum 17092147
Bryaceae 참이끼과
  *Brachymenium nepalense Hook. 노란참외이끼 Asian Temperate-subtropical Bum 17041282
  Rosulabryum capillare (Hedw.) J. R. Spence 뱀밥철사이끼 Multi-areal Multi zone Only literature (Papp, 2008)
Mniaceae 초롱이끼과
  Mnium lycopodioides Schwägr. 납작맥초롱이끼 Circumpolar Boreal-temperate Bum 17041292
  Plagiomnium affine (Blandow ex Funck) T. J. Kop. 산덩굴초롱이끼 Disjunctives Boreal-temperate Only literature (Papp, 2008)
  Plagiomnium cuspidatum (Hedw.) T. J. Kop. 들덩굴초롱이끼 Circumpolar Boreal-temperate Bum 17041323
  Plagiomnium maximoviczii (Lindb.) T. J. Kop. 덩굴초롱이끼 Asian Subtropical Bum 17061754
  Plagiomnium vesicatum (Besch.) T. J. Kop. 큰잎덩굴초롱이끼 Eurasian Temperate Only literature (Papp, 2008)
  Pohlia proligera (Kindb.) Broth. 흙들수세미이끼 Circumpolar Boreal-temperate Bum 17092206
  Pohlia wahlenbergii (F. Weber & D. Mohr) A. L. Andrews 철사수세미이끼 Multi-areal Multi zone Only literature (Papp, 2008)
  *Rhizomnium parvulum (Mitt.) T. J. Kop. 논밭초롱이끼 Asian Boreal Bum 17102555
  Rhizomnium striatulum (Mitt.) T. J. Kop. 줄미선초롱이끼 Asian Boreal-temperate Bum 17061763
  *Rhizomnium tuomikoskii T. J. Kop. 좁은초롱이끼 Eastern Asia Boreal-temperate Bum 17102509
  Trachycystis flagellaris (Sull. & Lesq.) Lindb. 털아기초롱이끼 Eastern Asia-American Boreal-temperate Bum 17092202
  Trachycystis microphylla (Dozy & Molk.) Lindb 아기초롱이끼 Eastern Asia-American Subtropical Only literature (Papp, 2008)
Bartramiaceae 구슬이끼과
  Bartramia pomiformis Hedw. 구슬이끼 Circumpolar Boreal-temperate Bum 17041299
Orthotrichaceae 선주름이끼과
  Orthotrichum consobrinum Cardot 아기선주름이끼 Eastern Asia Boreal-temperate Bum 17041269
  Orthotrichum laevigatum J. E. Zetterst. var. japonicum (Z. Iwats.) Lewinsky 돌기선주름이끼 Asian Temperate Only literature (Papp, 2008)
  Orthotrichum sordidum Sull. & Lesq. 선주름이끼 Eastern Asia-American Boreal-temperate Only literature (Papp, 2008)
  Ulota crispa (Hedw.) Brid. 금털이끼 Circumpolar Boreal-temperate Bum 17092236
Hedwigiaceae 톳이끼과
  Hedwigia ciliata (Hedw.) P. Beauv. 톳이끼 Multi-areal Multi zone Bum 17041345
Climaciaceae 나무이끼과
  *Climacium dendroides (Hedw.) F. Weber & D. Mohr 곧은나무이끼 Circumpolar Boreal-temperate Bum 17061808
  Climacium japonicum Lindb. 나무이끼 Eastern Asia Boreal-temperate Bum 17041316
  Pleuroziopsis ruthenica (Weinm.) Kindb. ex E. Britton 깃털나무이끼 Eastern Asia-American Boreal Bum 17061807
Amlystegiaceae 버들이끼과
  Amblystegium serpens (Hedw.) Schimp. 버들이끼 Multi-areal Multi zone Only literature (Papp, 2008)
  *Campylium chrysophyllum (Brid.) Lange 가는노란변덕이끼 Circumpolar Boreal-temperate Bum 17092132
  Campylium squarrosulum (Besch. & Cardot) Kanda 젖힌잎변덕버들이끼 Eastern Asia Boreal-temperate Only literature (Papp, 2008)
  Hygrohypnum eugyrium (Schimp.) Loeske 뾰족시내물이끼 Circumpolar Boreal-temperate Only literature (Papp, 2008)
  *Sanionia uncinata (Hedw.) Loeske 낫깃털이끼 Multi-areal Multi zone Bum 17061784
Calliergonaceae 조릿대이끼과
  Warnstorfia exannulata (Schimp.) Loeske 습지낫깃털이끼 Multi-areal Multi zone Only literature (Papp, 2008)
Leskeaceae 고깔검정이끼과
  Claopodium pellucinerve (Mitt.) Best 아기가시이끼 Asian-American Boreal-temperate Bum 17041305
  *Haplocladium angustifolium (Hampe & Müll. Hal.) Broth. 침작은명주실이끼 Multi-areal Temperate Bum 17041336
  Hylocomiopsis ovicarpa (Besch.) Cardot 아기호랑꼬리이끼 Eastern Asia Boreal-temperate Bum 17061777
  Pseudoleskeopsis zippelii (Dozy & Molk.) Broth. 물바위이끼 Asian Tropical-subtropical Only literature (Papp, 2008)
Thuidiaceae 깃털이끼과
  *Abietinella abietina (Hedw.) M. Fleisch. 전나무이끼 Circumpolar Boreal-temperate Bum 17041286
  Boulaya mittenii (Broth.) Cardot 아기방울이끼 Eastern Asia Boreal-temperate Bum 17061786
  Bryonoguchia molkenboeri (Sande Lac.) Z. Iwats. & Inoue 참깃털이끼 Eastern Asia Boreal-temperate Bum 17092133
  Fauriella tenuis (Mitt.) Cardot 수염이끼 Eastern Asia Temperate-subtropical Bum 17061759
  Pelekium pygmaeum (Schimp.) Touw. 그늘깃털이끼 Eastern Asia-American Temperate Bum 17041339
  Pelekium versicolor (Hornsch. ex Müll. Hal.) Touw 아기깃털이끼 Asian Tropical-subtropical Only literature (Papp, 2008)
  Rauiella fujisana (Paris) Reimers 겉아기방울이끼 Eastern Asia Boreal-temperate Bum 17041271
  *Thuidium assimile (Mitt.) A. Jaeger. 털날개깃털이끼 Multi-areal Multi zone Bum 17041287
  Thuidium cymbifolium (Dozy & Molk.) Dozy & Molk. 물가깃털이끼 Multi-areal Multi zone Bum 17041290
  Thuidium pristocalyx (Müll. Hal.) A. Jaeger. 푸른깃털이끼 Asian Tropical-subtropical Bum 17061819
  Thuidium subglaucinum Cardot 큰푸른깃털이끼 Eastern Asia Temperate Only literature (Papp, 2008)
Brachytheciaceae 양털이끼과
  *Brachythecium brotheri Paris 큰양털이끼 Eastern Asia Temperate Bum 17102498
  Brachythecium plumosum (Hedw.) Schimp. 날개양털이끼 Circumpolar Multi zone Bum 17102493
  Brachythecium populeum (Hedw.) Schimp. 양털이끼 Multi-areal Temperate Bum 17041274
  Brachythecium reflexum (Starke) Schimp. 가는양털이끼 Circumpolar Boreal-temperate Only literature (Papp, 2008)
  Brachythecium rivulare Schimp. 물가양털이끼 Circumpolar Boreal-temperate Bum 17041276
  Brachythecium rutabulum (Hedw.) Schimp. 장백양털이끼 Multi-areal Multi zone Bum 17061752
  Bryhnia hultenii E. B. Bartram 뾰족화살이끼 Eastern Asia-American Boreal-temperate Only literature (Papp, 2008)
  Bryhnia novae-angliae (Sull. & Lesq.) Grout 곱슬세모양털이끼 Circumpolar Boreal-temperate Only literature (Papp, 2008)
  Homalothecium laevisetum Sande Lac. 나뭇가지이끼 Eastern Asia Tropical-subtropical Only literature (Papp, 2008)
  Myuroclada maximowiczii (G. G. Borshch.) Steere & W. B. Schofield 쥐꼬리이끼 Circumpolar Boreal-temperate Bum 17041311
  Okamuraea hakoniensis (Mitt.) Broth. 겉양털이끼 Asian Boreal-temperate Only literature (Papp, 2008)
  Rhynchostegium riparioides (Hedw.) Cardot 물가부리이끼 Circumpolar Temperate-subtropical Bum 17041277
Fabroniaceae 가시꼬마이끼과
  Fabronia ciliaris (Brid.) Brid. 긴가시꼬마이끼 Multi-areal Multi zone Bum 17061765
Hypnaceae 털깃털이끼과
  *Callicladium haldanianum (Grev.) H. A. Crum 풀이끼 Circumpolar Boreal-temperate Bum 17041328
  Gollania ruginosa (Mitt.) Broth. 주름사슴뿔이끼 Asian Boreal-temperate Bum 17041324
  Herzogiella turfacea (Lindb.) Z. Iwats. 누운아기주목이끼 Circumpolar Boreal-temperate Bum 17041307
  *Homomallium japonico-adnatum (Broth.) Broth. 들쌍끝양털이끼 Eastern Asia Temperate Bum 17061852
  Hypnum fauriei Cardot 들털깃털이끼 Eastern Asia Boreal-temperate Only literature (Papp, 2008)
  *Hypnum fujiyamae (Broth.) Paris 황갈털깃털이끼 Boreal-temperate Boreal-temperate Bum 17061823
  *Hypnum plumaeforme Wilson 털깃털이끼 Disjunctives Temperate-subtropical Bum 17061742
  Hypnum subimponens ssp. ulophyllum (Müll. Hal.) Ando 낫털깃털이끼 Eastern Asia-American Temperate Only literature (Papp, 2008)
  *Hypnum tristo-viride (Broth.) Paris 실털깃털이끼 Eastern Asia Temperate-subtropical Bum 17061856
  Isopterygiopsis muelleriana (Schimp.) Z. Iwats. 북방단지이끼 Circumpolar Boreal-temperate Only literature (Papp, 2008)
  *Ptilium crista-castrensis (Hedw.) De Not. 타조이끼 Circumpolar Boreal-temperate Bum 17061820
  *Pylaisia cristata Cardot 벼슬명주이끼 Eastern Asia Temperate-subtropical Bum 17061775
  Pylaisia polyantha (Hedw.) Schimp. 꽃송이명주이끼 Circumpolar Boreal-temperate Only literature (Papp, 2008)
  Taxiphyllum aomoriense (Besch.) Z. Iwats. 겹친주목이끼 Eastern Asia Boreal-temperate Bum 17041297
  *Taxiphyllum taxirameum (Mitt.) M. Fleisch. 주목이끼 Asian-American Tropical-subtropical Bum 17041296
Hylocomiaceae 수풀이끼과
  *Hylocomium brevirostre var. cavifolium (Sande Lac.) Nog. 큰비룡수풀이끼 Eastern Asia Boreal-temperate Bum 17061832
  Hylocomium pyrenaicum (Spruce) Lindb. 비룡수풀이끼 Circumpolar Boreal-temperate Bum 17061787
  Hylocomium splendens (Hedw.) Schimp. 수풀이끼 Circumpolar Boreal-temperate Bum 17061782
  *Pleurozium schreberi (Willd. ex Brid.) Mitt. 겉창발이끼 Circumpolar Boreal-temperate Bum 17061834
  Rhytidiadelphus squarrosus (Hedw.) Warnst. 겉굵은이끼 Disjunctives Boreal-temperate Only literature (Papp, 2008)
  Rhytidiadelphus triquetrus (Hedw.) Warnst. 큰겉굵은이끼 Circumpolar Boreal-temperate Bum 17061778
Rhytidiaceae 굵은이끼과
  *Rhytidium rugosum (Ehrh. ex Hedw.) Kindb. 굵은이끼 Circumpolar Boreal-temperate Bum 17061828
Plagiotheciaceae 산주목이끼과
  Plagiothecium cavifolium (Brid.) Z. Iwats. 둥근산주목이끼 Circumpolar Boreal-temperate Bum 17061761
  Plagiothecium laetum Schimp. 굽은잎기운삭이끼 Circumpolar Temperate-subtropical Bum 17092183
  Plagiothecium neckeroideum Schimp. 큰산주목이끼 Multi-areal Multi zone Bum 17061809
  Plagiothecium nemorale (Mitt.) A. Jaeger. 산주목이끼 Multi-areal Multi zone Bum 17061747
Entodontaceae 윤이끼과
  Entodon flavescens (Hook.) A. Jaeger. 가지윤이끼 Asian Boreal-temperate Bum 17061860
  *Entodon luridus (Griff.) A. Jaeger. 물가윤이끼 Eastern Asia Boreal-temperate Bum 17041278,
  *Entodon scabridens Lindb. 지이윤이끼 Eastern Asia Boreal-temperate Bum 17041335
  *Entodon sullivantii (Müll. Hal.) Lindb. 가는윤이끼 Eastern Asia-American Boreal-temperate Bum 17041268
Pylaisiadelphaceae 털거울이끼과
  *Brotherella fauriei (Besch. ex Cardot) Broth. 뾰죽거울이끼 Eastern Asia Temperate-subtropical Bum 17041309
  *Brotherella henonii (Duby) M. Fleisch. 거울이끼 Eastern Asia Temperate-subtropical Bum 17061760
  *Pylaisiadelpha tenuirostris (Bruch & Schimp.) W. R. Buck 털거울이끼 Eastern Asia-American Boreal-temperate Bum 17041267
Leucodontaceae 족제비이끼과
  *Leucodon nipponicus Nog. 뾰족잎족제비이끼 Eastern Asia Temperate-subtropical Bum 17041281
  Leucodon pendulus Lindb. 긴족제비이끼 Eastern Asia Boreal Only literature (Papp, 2008)
Neckeraceae 납작이끼과
  Homalia trichomanoides (Hedw.) Schimp. 윤납작이끼 Circumpolar Boreal-temperate Bum 17041288
  Neckera konoi Broth. 끝고리납작이끼 Eastern Asia Boreal-temperate Only literature (Papp, 2008)
  *Neckera fauriei Cardot 초록납작이끼 Eastern Asia Subtropical Bum 17102492
  Thamnobryum coreanum (Cardot) Nog. & Z. Iwats. 고려대호꼬리이끼 Eastern Asia Boreal-temperate Bum 17041286
  *Thamnobryum subseriatum (Mitt. ex Sande Lac.) B. C. Tan 대호꼬리이끼 Eastern Asia Boreal-temperate Bum 17041321
Lembophyllaceae 호랑꼬리이끼과
  *Dolichomitriopsis diversiformis (Mitt.) Nog. 겉호랑꼬리이끼 Eastern Asia Boreal-temperate Bum 17061848
Myuriaceae 새이끼과
  Isothecium subdiversiforme Broth. 잎맥호랑꼬리이끼 Eastern Asia Temperate-subtropical Only literature (Papp, 2008)
Anomodontaceae 명주실이끼과
  *Anomodon abbreviatus Mitt. 산명주실이끼 Eastern Asia Temperate Bum 17061795
  Anomodon giraldii Müll. Hal. 큰명주실이끼 Eastern Asia Boreal-temperate Bum 17041310
  *Anomodon longifolius (Schleich. ex Brid.) Hartm. 명주실이끼 Asian Boreal-temperate Bum 17041318
  *Anomodon minor (Hedw.) Lindb. 푸른명주실이끼 Asian-American Boreal-temperate Bum 17061792
  Anomodon rugelii (Müll. Hal.) Keissl. 곱슬명주실이끼 Circumpolar Boreal-temperate Bum 17041341
  *Haplohymenium sieboldii (Dozy & Molk.) Dozy & Molk. 깃털바위실이끼 Eastern Asia Temperate Bum 17092173
  Haplohymenium triste (Ces.) Kindb. 바위실이끼 Disjunctives Temperate Bum 17041283
  Haplohymenium pseudotriste (Müll. Hal.) Broth. 꼬마바위실이끼 Amphioceanic Boreal-temperate Only literature (Choe, 1980)
  Herpetineuron toccoae (Sull. & Lesq.) Cardot 나선이끼 Asian-American Tropical-subtropical Bum 17041280
  Schwetschkeopsis fabronia (Schwägr.) Broth. 개털이끼 Eastern Asia-American Temperate Bum 17041312b
Marchantiophyta 태류식물문
Marchantiaceae 우산이끼과
  *Marchantia polymorpha L. 우산이끼 multizone multiarea Bum 170889
Aytoniaceae 삿갓우산이끼과
  Reboulia hemisphaerica (L.) Raddi ssp. hemisphaerica 삿갓우산이끼 Multiarea (cosmopolitan) Multizone Bum 170876
  Reboulia hemisphaerica (L.) Raddi ssp. orientalis Schust. 김삿갓우산이끼 Multiarea (cosmopolitan) Multizone Only literature (Papp, 2008)
Conocephalaceae 패랭이우산이끼과
  Conocephalum conicum (L.) Underw. 패랭이우산이끼 Circumpolar Boreal Bum 170082
  Conocephalum japonicum (Thunb.) Grolle 아기패랭이우산이끼 Eastern Asia Multizone Only literature (Papp, 2008)
Pelliaceae 물우산대이끼과
  Pellia endiviifolia (Dicks.) Dumort. 가는물우산대이끼 Circumpolar Boreal Bum 170602
Calyculariaceae 바위물우산대이끼과
  Calycularia crispula Mitt. 바위물우산대이끼 Circumpolar Temperate-subtropical Choi 4472,
Metzgeriaceae 리본이끼과
  Apometzgeria pubescens (Schrank) Kuwah. 털보리본이끼 Circumpolar Boreal-temperate Bum 170089a
  Metzgeria furcata (L.) Corda 산리본이끼 Circumpolar Boreal-temperate Bum 170856
  Metzgeria lindbergii Schiffn. 리본이끼 Multiarea (cosmopolitan Multizone Bum 170894
  Metzgeria temperata Kuwah. 무성아리본이끼 amphioceanic Temperate-subtropical Choi 4430
Aneuraceae 초록우산대이끼과
  Riccardia latifrons (Lindb.) Lindb. 넓은쪽잎이끼 Circumpolar Arctic-boreal Only literature (Papp, 2008)
Porellaceae 세줄이끼과
  Porella caespitans var. cordifolia S. Hatt. 침세줄이끼 Asia Temperate-subtropical Bum 170880
  *Porella chinensis (Steph.) S. Hatt. 덕항세줄이끼 Asia Temperate Bum 170086
  Porella fauriei (Steph.) S. Hatt. 털세줄이끼 Eastern Asia Boreal-temperate Choi 4447
  Porella gracillima Mitt. 가는세줄이끼 Asia Boreal-temperate Bum 170084
  Porella grandiloba Lindb. 큰세줄이끼 Eastern Asia Temperate-subtropical Choi 4434
  *Porella japonica (Sande Lac.) Mitt. 알꼴세줄이끼 Eastern Asia Temperate-subtropical Bum 17009
  *Porella stephaniana (C. Massal.) S. Hatt. 동강세줄이끼 Eastern Asia Temperate Bum 170093
  Porella subobtusa (Steph.) S. Hatt. 끝둔한세줄이끼 Eastern Asia Temperate-subtropical Only literature (Choe, 1980)
  Porella ulophylla (Steph.) S. Hatt. 주름세줄이끼 Eastern Asia Temperate-subtropical Bum 170896
  Porella vernicosa Lindb. 가시세줄이끼 Eastern Asia Temperate-subtropical Bum 170092
Radulaceae 부채이끼과
  Radula auriculata Steph. 귀부채이끼 Amphipacific Boreal-temperate Bum 170605
  Radula cavifolia Hampe 큰잎부채이끼 Asia Tropical-subtropical Choi 4522
  Radula constricta Steph. 무성아부채이끼 Eastern Asia Boreal-temperate Bum 170560b
  *Radula japonica Gottsche 부채이끼 Eastern Asia Temperate-subtropical Bum 170881b
Frullaniaceae 지네이끼과
  Frullania appendiculata Steph. 침지네이끼 Eastern Asia Temperate-subtropical Bum 170357a
  Frullania davurica Hampe 빨간지네이끼 Asia Boreal-temperate Bum 170569a
  Frullania inflexa Mitt. 굽은칼지네이끼 Asia Subtropical Only literature (Papp, 2008)
  Frullania kagoshimensis Steph. 양지지네이끼 Eastern Asia Subtropical Only literature (Papp, 2008)
  Frullania muscicola Steph. 참지네이끼 Asia Temperate Bum 170080
  Frullania polyptera Tayl. 푸른지네이끼 Asia Temperate-subtropical Choi 4142
  Frullania schensiana C. Massal. 산지네이끼 Eastern Asia Temperate-subtropical Bum 170097
  *Frullania taradakensis Steph. 들지네이끼 Eastern Asia subtropical Bum 170100
  Frullania usamienesis Steph. 우사미지네이끼 Eastern Asia Temperate Bum 170098
Lejeuneaceae 작은귀이끼과
  *Cheilolejeunea obtusifolia (Steph.) S. Hatt. 아기사슬이끼 Eastern Asia Temperate Bum 170900b
  *Cololejeunea longifolia (Mitt.) Benedix 긴귀이끼 Eastern Asia Temperate-subtropical Bum 170363
  Cololejeunea macounii (Spruce ex Underw.) A. Evans 혹귀이끼 Amphipacific Temperate-subtropical Bum 170361b
  Cololejeunea subkodamae Mizut. 잔털귀이끼 Eastern Asia subtropical Only literature (Papp, 2008)
  Lejeuena compacta (Steph.) Steph 잎작은귀이끼 Eastern Asia subtropical Bum 170357b
  Lejeuena japonica Mitt. 작은귀이끼 Eastern Asia Temperate-subtropical Bum 170892a
  Microlejeunea ulicina (Taylor) Steph. 아기작은귀이끼 Asia-Europe subtropical Bum 170565c,
  Trocholejeunea sandvicensis Mizut. 둥근귀이끼 Circumpolar Temperate-subtropical Bum 170344g
Ptilidiaceae 털잎이끼과
  Ptilidium pulcherrimum (G. Weber) Vainio 털잎이끼 Circumpolar Boreal Bum 170368
Neotrichocoleaceae 털이끼과
  Trichocoleopsis sacculata (Mitt.) S. Okamura 가시잎이끼 Eastern Asia Temperate Choi 4512
Pseudolepicoleaceae 솔잎이끼과
  Blepharostoma minus Horik. 솔잎이끼 Eastern Asia Temperate Bum 170898b
  Blepharostoma trichophyllum (L.) Dumort. 산솔잎이끼 Circumpolar Arctic-boreal Bum 170597
Herbertaceae 쌍갈고리이끼과
  Herbertus aduncus (Dicks.) Gray 쌍갈고리이끼 Asian-Ametica Arctic-boreal Bum 170379
  *Herbertus buchii Juslén 왕쌍갈고리이끼 Eastern Asia Boreal Bum 170414
Lepidoziaceae 벼슬이끼과
  Bazzania denudata (Torr. ex Lindenb.) Trevis. 산좀벼슬이끼 Eastern Asia Temperate Bum 170361a
  *Bazzania manczurica Bakalin 만주좀벼슬이끼 Bum 170346
  Bazzania parabidentual Bakalin 아기좀벼슬이끼 Asian-Ametica Boreal-temperate Bum 170378c
  Bazzania tricrenata (Wahlenb.) Trevis. 세모좀벼슬이끼 Circumpolar Arctic-boreal Bum 170810
  Bazzania trilobata (L.) Gray 알꼴좀벼슬이끼 Amphioceanic Arctic-boreal Bum 170813
  *Kurzia makinoana (Steph.) Grolle 아기솔잎이끼 Bum 170827a
  Lepidozia reptans (L.) Dumort. 누운벼슬이끼 Circumpolar Boreal Bum 170571
Lophocoleaceae 두끝벼슬이끼과
  Chiloscyphus pallescens (Ehrh. ex Hoffm.) Dumort. 아기물비늘이끼 Circumpolar Boreal Only literature (Papp, 2008)
  Chiloscyphus polyanthos (L.) Corda 물비늘이끼 Circumpolar Boreal Bum 170330
  *Heteroscyphus planus (Mitt.) Schiffn. 비늘이끼 Eastern Asia Subtropical Bum 170890
  Lophocolea bidentula (Nees) Fulford 들두끝벼슬이끼 Amphioceanic Temperate Choi 4452
  Cryptolophocolea compacta (Mitt.) L. Söderstr. 산두끝벼슬이끼 Eastern Asia Boreal-temperate Bum 170088
  Lophocolea heterophylla (Schrad.) Dumort. 두끝벼슬이끼 Circumpolar Boreal Bum 170358
  Lophocolea itoana Inoue 이토두끝벼슬이끼 Eastern Asia Boreal-temperate Choi 4442
  Lophocolea minor Nees 아기두끝벼슬이끼 Circumpolar Arctic-boreal Bum 170413
Plagiochilaceae 날개이끼과
  *Pedinophyllum truncatum (Steph.) Inoue 누운날개이끼 Eastern Asia Temperate Bum 170335
  Plagiochila fruticosa Mitt. 가지날개이끼 Asian-Ametica Boreal Only literature (Papp, 2008)
  *Plagiochila ovalifolia Mitt. 둥근날개이끼 Eastern Asia Temperate-subtropical Bum 172165
  Plagiochila porelloides (Torrey in Nees) Lindenb. 숲날개이끼 Circumpolar Arctic-boreal Bum 170407
  *Plagiochila sciophylla Nees in Lindenb. 아기날개이끼 Asian Subtropical Bum 170864
  Xenochila integrifolia (Mitt.) Inoue 세모날개이끼 Eastern Asia Temperate Choi 4448
Jamesoniellaceae 가을비늘이끼과
  Crossogyna autumnalis (DC.) Schljakov 가을비늘이끼 Circumpolar Temperate Bum 170096
Cephaloziaceae 게발이끼과
  Cephalozia bicuspidata (L.) Dumort. 꽃게발이끼 Multiarea Arctic-boreal Only literature (Papp, 2008)
  Cephalozia lunulifolia (Dumort.) Dumort. 반달게발이끼 Circumpolar Arctic-boreal Bum 170612b
Odontoschismataceae 댕기이끼과
  *Odontoschisma denudatum (Nees) Dumort. 댕기이끼 Circumpolar Temperate Bum 170577
  Odontoschisma pseudogrosseverrucosum Gradst., Aranda & Vanderp. 잔댕기이끼 Eastern Asia Temperate Bum 170827b
Cephaloziellaceae 겉게발이끼과
  Cephaloziella divaricata (Sm.) Warnst. 들겉게발이기 Circumpolar Arctic Bum 170786b
  *Cephaloziella hampeana (Nees) Schiffn. ex Leske 산겉게발이끼 Circumpolar Boreal Bum 170632a
  Cephaloziella microphylla (Steph.) Douin 세모겉게발이끼 Eastern Asia Temperate Choi 4407
  Cephaloziella spinicaulis Douin 가시겉게발이끼 Asian-Ametica Temperate Bum 170874b
Myliaceae 잔비늘이끼과
  *Mylia verrucosa Lindb. 돌잔비늘이끼 Eastern Asia Temperate Bum 170783a
Scapaniaceae 엄마이끼과
  Diplophyllum taxifolium (Wahlenb.) Dumort. 산긴엄마이끼 Circumpolar Arctic-boreal Bum 170620a
  Douinia plicata (Lindb.) Konstant. et Vilnet 긴엄마이끼 Amphioceanic Arctic-boreal Bum 170375a,
  Scapania ampliata Steph. 큰엄마이끼 Eastern Asia Arctic-boreal Bum 170390
  Scapania apiculata Spruce 뾰족엄마이끼 Circumpolar Arctic-boreal Choi 4460
  Scapania ciliata Sande Lac. 털엄마이끼 Eastern Asia Boreal Bum 170385a
  *Scapania integerrima Steph. 들엄마이끼 Eastern Asia Temperate Bum 170344f
  Scapania parvitexta Steph. 배루카엄마이끼 Eastern Asia Boreal-temperate Only literature (Papp, 2008)
  Scapania undulata (L.) Dumort. 자주엄마아끼 Circumpolar Arctic-boreal Bum 170887
Lophoziaceae 갈래잎이끼과
  Anastrophyllum michauxii (F. Weber) H. Buch 새깃통꼴이끼 Circumpolar Boreal Bum 170405
  Barbilophozia barbata (Schreb.) Loeske 손바닥가는단풍이끼 Circumpolar Arctic-boreal Bum 170369a
  Lophoziopsis excisa (Dicks.) Konstant. & Vilnet 산중갈래잎이끼 Circumpolar Arctic-boreal Bum 170627
  Plicanthus birmensis (Steph.) R.M. Schust. 단풍이끼 Eastern Asia Subtropical-tropical Bum 170399
  *Plicanthus hirtellus (F. Weber) R.M. Schust. 가시단풍이끼 Multiarea Subtropical-tropical Bum 170392
  *Schistochilopsis cornuta (Steph.) Konstant. 닭벼슬이끼 Eastern Asia Temperate Bum 170816
  Sphenolobus saxicola (Schrad.) Steph. 둥근타래잎이끼 Circumpolar Arctic Bum 170847
  *Tetralophozia filiformis (Steph.) Urmi 창이끼 Circumpolar Boreal-temperate Bum 170579
  Tritomaria exsecta (Schmidel ex Schrad.) Schiffn. ex Loeske 은행비늘이끼 Circumpolar Boreal Bum 170626b
  Trilophozia quinquedentata (Huds.) Bakalin 산은행비늘이끼 Circumpolar Arctic-boreal Bum 170369b
Calypogeiaceae 목걸이이끼과
  *Calypogeia arguta Nees & Mont. ex Nees 아기목걸이이끼 Amphipacific Temperate Bum 170344e
  Calypogeia azurea Stotler & Crotz 목걸이이끼 Amphipacific Temperate Only literature (Papp, 2008)
  *Calypogeia neesiana (C. Massal. & Carestia) Müll. Frib. 산기와이끼 Circumpolar Arctic-boreal Bum 170564
  *Calypogeia tosana (Steph.) Steph. 들목걸이이끼 Eastern Asia Temperate Bum 170830
  Metacalypogeia cordifolia (Steph.) Inoue 산목걸이이끼 Eastern Asia Temperate Bum 170802
Delavayellaceae 꼭지망울이끼과
  Liochlaena subulata (A. Evans) Schljakov 꼭지망울이끼 Circumpolar Boreal-temperate Bum 170561
Solenostomataceae 둥근망울이끼과
  *Nardia assamica (Mitt.) Amak. 빨간비늘이끼 Eastern Asia Arctic-boreal Bum 170344c
  *Plectocolea truncata (Nees) Bakalin 들망울이끼 Eastern Asia Subtropical-tropical Bum 170882
Gymnomitriaceae 은비늘이끼과
  Marsupella tubulosa Steph. 양끝통이끼 Circumpolar Arctic-boreal Bum 170344b

The nomenclature and arrangement of taxa are followed the system which is proposed by Goffinet et al. (2009) and Söderström et al. (2016) for the mosses and liverworts respectively. Newly recorded species for Taebaeksan Mountains are marked with asterisk (*) in front of taxa.

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